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Voices

Women Change the Face of Science Everyday

According to the Guardian, in the UK, the percentage of female A-level physics students has stagnated at about 21% for the past decade and for computing the proportion of A-level students who are female is just 10%.

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  2. STEM for Social Good

You’ve probably have heard about Doctor Jess Wade, the British female physicist who wrote 270 wikipedia profiles in one year to get female scientists noticed. According to the Guardian, in the UK, the percentage of female A-level physics students has stagnated at about 21% for the past decade and for computing the proportion of A-level students who are female is just 10%. 

In Britain, fewer than 9% of professional engineers are women– a figure that is among the worst globally and which has not increased in the past decade. A recent studysuggests it would take 258 years to close the gender gap in physics, based on current rates of progress. Â»

Dr Wade wants girls to be attracted by sciences. She thinks that the current campaign funding by government to increase the percentage of women in STEM are useless because their message is negative. For instance the European commission attempts to give science a sexy, feminine makeover in its Science: it’s a girl thing! video, in which three young women prance around on a catwalk while decoding the chemical composition of lipsticks and nail varnish.

Wikipedia biases

Wikipedia is a male-dominated (writers and profiles), pro western worldview online encyclopedia. Only 16% of Wikipedia editors are female and only 17% of entries dedicated to notable people are for women. Research by Oxford University in 2016 revealed that the vast bulk of content written about most African countries on Wikipedia was by editors in Europe and North America. Only 16% of content about sub-Saharan Africa is written by people from the region, while most entries on European countries are written in Europe.

 Here is a list of amazing women who changed sciences and revolutionized scientists understanding of the universe thanks to their pioneering contributions to physics: 

Des femmes changent la face des sciences tous les jours

Vous avez probablement entendu parler du Docteur Jess Wade, la physicienne britannique qui a rĂ©digĂ© 270 profils wikipedia en un an pour que les femmes scientifiques soient remarquĂ©es. D’aprĂšs le Guardian, « au Royaume-Uni, le pourcentage de filles en filiĂšre scientifique au â€˜A level’ (leur baccalaurĂ©at) stagne depuis 10 ans Ă  21%et seulement 10% des Ă©tudiants ayant choisi d’étudier l’informatique sont des filles. Moins de 9% des ingĂ©nieurs anglais sont des femmes â€“ une Ă©tude rĂ©cente dĂ©montre, qu’à la vitesse oĂč le pays fait des progrĂšs, il faudra 258 ans pour combler le fossĂ© femmes/hommes dans l’ingĂ©nierie. Â»

Dr Wade veut que les filles soient attirĂ©es par les sciences. D‘aprĂšs elle, les initiatives des gouvernements pour attirer les filles vers les matiĂšres scientifiques sont contre productives car elles donnent une mauvaise image des femmes dans les sciences. Par exemple, la Commission EuropĂ©enne a tentĂ© de donner une image sexy et fĂ©minine aux sciences avec la vidĂ©o ‘Les Sciences: c’est une affaire de filles!’ dans laquelle on voit trois jeunes filles dĂ©filer sur un podium tout en dĂ©codant les formules chimiques de leurs rouge Ă  lĂšvres et leurs vernis Ă  ongles.

Le parti pris de Wikipedia

Wikipedia est une encyclopĂ©die dominĂ©e par les hommes (rĂ©dacteurs et profils), vĂ©hiculant une culture pro-occidentale. Seulement 16% des rĂ©dacteurs des pages wikipedias sont des femmes, et seulement 17% des profiles WikipĂ©dia sont dĂ©diĂ©s Ă  des femmes cĂ©lĂšbres. Une recherche menĂ©e par l’UniversitĂ© d’Oxforden 2016 a dĂ©montrĂ© que la plupart du contenu dĂ©diĂ© aux pays africains a Ă©tĂ© rĂ©digĂ© par un rĂ©dacteur europĂ©en ou nord-amĂ©ricain. Seulement 16% du contenu concernant l’Afrique Sub-Saharienne est rĂ©digĂ© par une personne de la RĂ©gion, tandis que la presque totalitĂ© des pages WikipĂ©dia sur l’Europe sont Ă©crites par des EuropĂ©ens.

Voici une liste de femmes incroyables qui, grĂące Ă  leurs contritions pionniĂšre en physique, ont changĂ©es les sciences et ont rĂ©volutionnĂ©es la maniĂšre dont les scientifiques Ă©tudient l’univers.

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